extinct animals

Echoes of the Past: 15 Fascinating Extinct Animals That Once Roamed the Earth

Esha Koley 


The history of our planet is rich with diverse and extraordinary life forms, some of which have tragically vanished from existence. These extinct animals, once dominant and magnificent, leave behind a legacy that serves as a poignant reminder of the fragility of life and the importance of preserving our precious biodiversity. In this blog, we will take a journey back in time to explore 15 fascinating extinct animals that once roamed the Earth, sparking wonder and admiration for the remarkable diversity that once graced our planet.

Woolly Mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius)

The mighty woolly mammoth, known for its shaggy coat and long tusks, was a majestic creature of the Late Pleistocene epoch. These gentle giants roamed the icy tundras and grasslands, captivating our imagination with their prehistoric allure.”The woolly mammoth, a no longer existing species, roamed the ancient tundra landscapes during the Ice Age, but has been extinct for thousands of years.”

Dodo (Raphus cucullatus)

The dodo, a flightless bird native to the island of Mauritius, has become a symbol of human-driven extinction. “The last known sighting of the dodo, a flightless bird, was in the 17th century, marking the tragic fate of a now lost animal.”

Tasmanian Tiger (Thylacinus cynocephalus)

The Tasmanian tiger, or thylacine, was a unique marsupial carnivore from Tasmania, Australia. Despite efforts to protect it, the last known individual perished in captivity, marking its extinction in the 20th century.

Passenger Pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius)

Passenger pigeons were once one of the most abundant birds on our planet, living in United States. But hunting on a very massive scale (over exploitation) by humans, as well as deforestation, lead to their extinction.

Quagga (Equus quagga quagga)

The quagga, a now lost animal, was a unique subspecies of the plains zebra, characterized by its distinct coat pattern of stripes on the front half of its body that gradually faded into a plain brownish rear. Native to South Africa, the quagga exhibited a fascinating blend of equine and zebra-like characteristics. Unfortunately, due to extensive hunting and habitat loss, the last known quagga died in captivity in the late 19th century, rendering the species extinct. Efforts to revive the quagga are ongoing through selective breeding based on historical records and descriptions.

Baiji (Lipotes vexillifer)

Also known as the Chinese river dolphin, the baiji was one of the most endangered cetaceans in the world. Sadly, it was declared functionally extinct in the early 21st century, serving as a stark warning of the impact of human activities on aquatic ecosystems.

Great Auk (Pinguinus impennis)

The great auk, once a remarkable seabird species, fell victim to human activity and is now an eradicated wildlife species. These flightless birds were known for their distinctive black and white appearance, with a large body and a beak adapted for capturing fish. However, relentless hunting for their meat, eggs, and feathers, along with habitat disturbance, led to their rapid decline. The last known pair was killed in 1844. Regrettably, the great auk serves as a poignant example of how unchecked exploitation can lead to the irreversible loss of a species.

Pyrenean Ibex (Capra pyrenaica pyrenaica)

The Pyrenean ibex became extinct in 2000 primarily due to excessive hunting, habitat loss from human activities, diseases, and competition with domestic livestock. These factors collectively led to a rapid decline in their population, ultimately resulting in their extinction despite conservation efforts.

Caribbean Monk Seal (Neomonachus tropicalis)

The main predators of Caribbean monk seals were sharks and humans. Overhunting of the seals for oil and overfishing of their food sources are the established reasons for the seals’ extinction. The last confirmed sighting of the Caribbean monk seal was in 1952 at Serranilla Bank, between Jamaica and Nicaragua.

Saber-toothed Cat (Smilodon)

All these animals were extinct by about 10,000 years ago due to a number of factors, including climate change, terrain change and human hunting. The Smilodon cats most likely became extinct because their primary source of food — mammals that were larger than the cats themselves — died out.

Steller’s Sea Cow (Hydrodamalis gigas)

Sea cows were massively and wastefully overexploited, being hunted at over seven times the sustainable limit, and suggesting that the initial Bering Island sea cow population must have been higher than suggested by previous researchers to allow the species to survive even until 1768.

Thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus)

It is estimated there were around 5,000 thylacines in Tasmania at the time of European settlement. However, excessive hunting, combined with factors such as habitat destruction and introduced disease, led to the rapid extinction of the species.

Western Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis longipes)

Rhino poaching is still one of the biggest threats to the Black rhinoceros, as well as to other African rhinos. The western black rhino, a subspecies, was declared extinct in 2011 as a direct consequence of poaching and the illegal wildlife trade.

Quagga Mussel (Dreissena bugensis)

The Quagga mussel is a freshwater mussel. Originally it occurred in the drainage basin of the Dnieper river, mostly in Ukraine. The mussel is named after the Quagga, an extinct species of zebra. The mussels live for three to five years.

Barbary Lion (Panthera leo leo)

The Barbary lion, once a symbol of royalty and majesty, became extinct in the mid-20th century due to hunting and loss of habitat.


The stories of these 15 extinct animals serve as a testament to the power and impact of human activities on the delicate balance of nature. Their extinction compels us to reflect on our responsibility to protect and conserve the incredible biodiversity that remains on Earth today. By learning from the past, we can strive to prevent further losses and ensure a sustainable future for all living beings that call this planet home. Let us honor these magnificent creatures by working together to protect the natural world for generations to come.

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Esha Koley

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